Unit II: Industrial Rev. & Imperialism
- Why was Britain first to industrialize? Why did a country like France not also industrialize early on?
- What is importance of food production for industrialization? Understand: crop rotation, the Enclosure Movement
- How was population changing during the time of the IR?
- What was the first item to be produced in the IR?
- Describe the differences of living on a farm vs. working in a factory?
- What were the conditions of cities during the early IR?
- Describe the major differences between capitalism and communism? “Founder” of each system? How do capitalism and communism affect individual incentive? What is the role of government in making these economic systems work?
- What was the “iron law of wages?”
- Who was Robert Owen? What was utopianism?
- What were the terms and characteristics of industrialization in: United States, France, Germany, Russia, Japan, Rest of World?
- What were the working conditions like during the IR?
- What is Imperialism?
- What is the significance of the Berlin Conference?
- Which African countries were able to maintain independence? Why was this?
- What are the positive and negative effects of Imperialism?
- Understand the differences between the different management systems of Imperialism:
- Sphere of Influence
- Joint-Stock Company
- Describe technology that made large-scale imperialism possible.
- How did industrialization and nationalism make imperialism necessary?
- SPRITE Imperialism (see lecture)
- Political Motives
- Exploratory Motives
- Religious & Intellectual/Ideological Motives
- What was the “Raj?”
- Why was the Sepoy Rebellion important to the British taking greater control of India?
- What was the background of Mohandas Gandhi, and how did it help him attain independence for India?
- What is the difference between violent and nonviolent resistance? Why was nonviolent resistance a more practical way to get independence for colonized peoples?
- Resistance to Imperialism: what was the significance of the Maji Maji Rebellion? Battle of Adowa?